Aug 21, 2017

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Creative Writing Scholarship

  • Aug 21, 2017
  • Reedsy National Creative Writing Scholarship is a biannual award for writers and novelists in further education. As the world’s leading marketplace of book publishing talent, Reedsy is passionate about nurturing the next generation of fiction authors. Reedsy have designed this scholarship to award a student whose writing displays a clear and unique voice with the potential to thrive in the competitive literary landscape.

    Awarded twice a year, successful candidates will receive $1,000 towards educational expenses and be eligible for further sponsorship while they develop as a writer.


    Eligibility

    To be eligible for the Reedsy National Creative Writing Scholarship, applicants must be:
    United States Citizens or Permanent Residents
    Accepted to, or currently enrolled in an accredited college, university, or graduate program within the United States

    Test your English

    Prepare for your study by taking the most popular and most accepted English language proficiency test. Book an IELTS test 

    Benefits

    The scholarship will be applied to tuition and other education-related expenses. A wire transfer for $1,000 will be made payable to the recipient’s educational institution directly. Finalists will receive further opportunities for sponsorship while they continue to work on their novel and be automatically shortlisted on future scholarship programs and contests.

    Application

    Our application requires you to attach the first chapter (1,500 to 7,500 words) of an original novel you are currently writing, or have written but not yet published.
    All applications must be submitted by email to scholarship@reedsy.com and include:
    Your name, address and contact number;
    The name of the college or university you are attending or planning to attend;
    Your sample chapter attached to the email in .doc or .docx format with a written introduction. Google Doc links and PDFs will not be accepted.
    Five finalists will be selected from each application pool. If your submission is shortlisted, your sample will be featured on Reedsy’s blog and social media channels. This will not affect your rights as the copyright holder.

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    Aug 20, 2017

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    Do Gender Quotas Affect Long-Term Political Outcomes?

  • Aug 20, 2017

  • Some 100 countries have in place gender quotas, the practice of reserving political positions for women, to overcome long-standing gender inequalities, yet little is known about its long-term impact. A working paper by Klaus Deininger, Songqing Jin, Hari Nagarajan, and Xia Fang fills the gap. Drawing on 15 years of data from individual respondents in India, the authors explore how reservations affect leader qualifications, service delivery, political participation, local accountability, and individuals’ willingness to contribute to public goods, both during the "reserved" period and in the long term. India is particularly suitable for this analysis: in the early 1990s, it implemented policies to reserve leadership positions in one-third of its villages -- randomly chosen in each period -- along with far-reaching decentralization policies. As the reservation policy aims to bring to office women who would not have qualified otherwise, the short-term impact on leader quality is often negative. But gender quotas increase the level and quality of women's political participation, the ability to hold leaders to account and the willingness to contribute to public goods in the long term. The full impact often materializes only after a time delay, highlighting the importance of considering the longer-term impact to gain a full appreciation of the policy.

    Sources: World Bank
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    Aug 19, 2017

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    Adelaide Scholarships International (ASI)

  • Aug 19, 2017

  • The University of Adelaide offers Adelaide Scholarships International (ASI) to attract high quality overseas postgraduate students to areas of research strength in the University of Adelaide to support its research effort.

    The ASI provides

    • Course tuition fees for two years for a Masters degree by Research and three years for a Doctoral research degree (an extension is possible for doctoral programs only),
    • An annual living allowance ($26,288 in 2016) for two years for a Masters degree by Research and three years for a Doctoral research degree (an extension is possible for doctoral programs only), and
    • For Student Visa (Subclass 500) visa holders the award provides compulsory standard Overseas Student Health Cover (OSHC) Worldcare policy for the student and their spouse and dependents (if any) for the standard duration of the student visa.  It does not cover the additional 6 month extended student visa period post thesis submission. If the award holder does not hold a subclass 500 visa then he/she is responsible for the cost of health insurance.
    Conditions and Eligibility Criteria
    • In order to be eligible applicants are required to have successfully completed at least the equivalent of an Australian First Class Honours degree (this is a four year degree with a major research project in the final year). All qualifying programs of study must be successfully completed.
    • Scholarships will be awarded on academic merit and research potential. Extra-curricular achievements are not considered.
    • International applicants must not hold a research qualification regarded by the University of Adelaide to be equivalent to an Australian Research Doctorate degree or, if undertaking a Research Masters degree, not hold a research qualification regarded by the University of Adelaide to be equivalent to or higher than an Australian Research Masters degree.
    • International applicants who have not provided evidence of their meeting the minimum English language proficiency requirements for direct entry by the scholarship closing date, or who have completed a Pre-Enrolment English Program to meet the entry requirements for the intended program of study, are not eligible.
    • Citizens and Permanent Residents of Australia, and citizens of New Zealand are ineligible.
    • Those undertaking research via remote candidature are ineligible.
    • Candidates are required to enrol in the University of Adelaide as 'international students' and must maintain 'international student' status for the duration of their enrolment in the University.
    • Candidates who have applied for Australian permanent resident status can apply for ASI scholarships.
    • International applicants are not eligible if they have already commenced the degree for which they are seeking an award, unless they can establish that they were unable to apply in the previous round.
    • Scholarships holders must commence study at the University of Adelaide in the semester the scholarship is offered.
    • Applicants who applied and were eligible for consideration in an international scholarship round, and were unsuccessful, will automatically be reconsidered in the following international scholarship round, assuming they hold a valid offer of candidature for that intake. An applicant who has been considered in 2 rounds cannot be reconsidered in any future scholarship rounds.
    • The offer of a scholarship is contingent upon a student not being offered another award by the Commonwealth of Australia, the University of Adelaide, or an overseas sponsor. The University reserves the right to withdraw an offer of a scholarship at any time prior to enrolment if it is advised that an awardee has been offered a scholarship equal to or in excess of the financial value of the award offered by the University.
    Generally applicants who succeed in winning an ASI scholarship have completed a Masters degree including a significant research component and have several publications and relevant work and research experience.

    Application

    To apply please submit a formal application for Admission and a Scholarship via our online application system. There is no application fee.
    Note. The University of Adelaide is unable to provide an assessment of eligibility for candidature and/or a scholarship until a formal application is submitted and assessed. We strongly recommend that all applicants submit their application and all required documents well before the closing date.
    Note. Late and incomplete applications at the scholarship application deadline will not be considered for a scholarship.

    OFFICIAL LINK

    SCHOLARSHIP FOR RECONSIDERED BOOK  
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    A SCHOLARSHIP FOR WOMEN FROM ASIAN OR AFRICAN COUNTRIES

  • The Fondation Rainbow Bridge Scholarship was established in memory of Muriel Dargent, Matthieu Dargent, Iris Dargent, and Muriel's parents, all of whom disappeared in the December 2004 Tsunami.
    A graduate of HEC in 1988, Muriel Dargent presented a strong role model for young women, juggling her responsibilities as wife, mother, and leader. As the Financial Director of Nihon L'Oreal in Japan, Muriel was fluent in English, Spanish and Japanese. The Fondation Rainbow Bridge will enable young women recipients to enrich their academic background by obtaining an HEC MBA. Please note that unfortunately you cannot apply for this scholarship if admitted after June 15th for the September intake and after November 26th for the January intake.
    Eligibility: Recipients of this scholarship are top-caliber female candidates who have been admitted to the HEC Paris MBA program (Full-time only) and who can demonstrate exemplary leadership skills in one or more of the following areas:
    • Community work
    • Charity engagement
    • Sustainable development practices
     
    Selection Criteria: Only admitted candidates can apply for this scholarship Women applying must come from an Asian or African country affected by a natural disaster, drought or famine. In addition, they must demonstrate a commitment to solving some of the social and economic issues affecting their countries while working for the long-term security of the people living there. Please note that unfortunately you cannot apply for this scholarship if admitted after June 15th for the September intake and after November 26th for the January intake.
    Essay Question: Please explain in 1,500 words why you should be named the Fondation Rainbow Bridge Scholar at the HEC Paris MBA Program, while identifying your post-MBA goals.
    Personal Financial Statement: Applicants must submit a detailed description of their financial circumstances as well as a cash-flow forecast for the 16-month duration at HEC.
    Amount of Award: Up to two scholarships of € 20,000 per year
    Application Deadline:  Rolling
    Decision date: 
    January 2017 Full-time intake: August 2017
    September 2017 Full-time intake: August 2017
    January 2018 Full-time intake: August 2018
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    Aug 11, 2017

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    How to Win Friends & Influence People

  • Aug 11, 2017


  • You can go after the job you want—and get it!
    You can take the job you have—and improve it!
    You can take any situation—and make it work for you!
    Dale Carnegie’s rock-solid, time-tested advice has carried countless people up the ladder of success in their business and personal lives. One of the most groundbreaking and timeless bestsellers of all time, How to Win Friends & Influence People will teach you:
    -Six ways to make people like you
    -Twelve ways to win people to your way of thinking
    -Nine ways to change people without arousing resentment
    And much more! Achieve your maximum potential—a must-read for the twenty-first century with more than 15 million copies sold!



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    A WHOLE 30 TO TOTAL HEALTH & FOOD FREEDOM

  • Find the book on Amazon: Melissa and Dallas Hartwig’s critically-acclaimed Whole30 program has helped hundreds of thousands of people transform how they think about their food, bodies, and lives. Their approach leads to effortless weight loss and better health—along with stunning improvements in sleep quality, energy levels, mood, and self-esteem. Their first book, the New York Times best-selling It Starts With Food, explained the science behind their life-changing program. Now they bring you The Whole30, a stand-alone, step-by-step plan to break unhealthy habits, reduce cravings, improve digestion, and strengthen your immune system. The Whole30 features more than 100 chef-developed recipes, like Chimichurri Beef Kabobs and Halibut with Citrus Ginger Glaze, designed to build your confidence in the kitchen and inspire your taste buds. The book also includes real-life success stories, community resources, and an extensive FAQ to give you the support you need on your journey to “food freedom.”

    Please find the book on Amazon
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    Independence Monument (វិមានឯករាជ្យ)

  • Built in 1958 as a memorial to Cambodia's war dead and to celebrate independence from foreign rule, the monument stands majestically on the intersection of Norodom Boulevard and Sihanouk Boulevard in the centre of the city. It is designed by the influential Cambodian modern architect Vann Molyvann in the form of a lotus-shaped stupa in the same style seen at the great Khmer temple at Angkor Wat and other Khmer historical sites. The monument consists of five tiers decorated with 100 Nagas and is most impressive in the late afternoon hours when the sun casts shadows over the sculptures.

     Cambodia celebrates Independence Day on 9 November each year. The Independence Monument, already one of Phnom Penh’s most significant structures, becomes even more celebrated when His Majesty King Norodom Sihamoni leads the annual jubilation by ceremoniously lighting a giant torch placed inside the monument in front of a huge spectator of high officials from the government, private sectors and members of the Cambodian public.
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    Aug 10, 2017

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    List of Academic institution that offer scholarship developing countries

  • Aug 10, 2017
  • Universities implementing scholarship programs of Government and Donor Agencies »

    Government and donor agencies often implement their scholarship programs through Universities and academic institutions.  By reading the scholarship profiles below,  you will find a list of host universities administering or  co-sponsoring major scholarship programs intended for developing countries.

    Joint Japan/World Bank Graduate Scholarships
    Intended for nationals of a World Bank member country eligible to borrow for study in selected countries.

    Asian Development Bank-Japan Scholarships
    Intended for nationals of ADB member countries in Asia and Pacific.

    New Zealand Development Scholarships
    Intended for citizens of NZDS participating countries for study in selected education institutions in New Zealand.

    Australian Development Scholarships
    Intended for citizens of ADS participating countries for study in selected Universities in Australia.

    DAAD Scholarships
    Intended for citizens of developing countries for study in State (public) or state-recognized German higher education institution

    Commonwealth Shared Scholarship Scheme
    Intended for nationals of Commonwealth developing countries at selected partner Universities (changes annually).

    Norwegian Quota Scholarships
    Intended for students from selected developing countries in the South and countries of Central- and East-Europe and Central-Asia for study in selected Universities in Norway.

    Universities implementing their own scholarship programs for developing countries »

    A notable number of Universities have their own scholarship schemes intended for developing regions/countries aside from the ones they administer in behalf of donor institutions.   You can find a handful of these Universities in this list.

    Universities in Europe

    Belgium: Ghent University Scholarships
    Ghent University offers a wide array of scholarships specifically for developing countries. It offers scholarships for Training, Masters, PhD, and Post Doctoral programmes for developing country students.

    Ireland: Dublin Institute of Technology Scholarships
    The Dublin Institute of Technology currently provides  international scholarships for international students from selected agencies in Mexico, Oman, UAE, Tanzania, Kazakhstan, and Kuwait.

    Netherlands: Maastricht University Scholarships
    Maastricht University sponsors a number of international scholarships for student from the following regions: Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, and South America.

    Netherlands: University of Groningen Scholarships
    Several scholarships are available for international students who are motivated to study Bachelor’s, Master’s and PhD programmes, as well as for exchanges, short courses at the university. Besides scholarships awarded by the University of Groningen, a number of grants awarded by the Dutch government, the EU and (inter)national organizations, such as World Bank or the Ford Foundation, can be used for study or research at the University of Groningen as well.

    Netherlands: University of Twente Scholarships
    University of Twente administers a number of international scholarships for students from Asia, South America, and Central America.

    Italy: University of Pavia Scholarships
    The University of Pavia (UNIPV), in order to promote international cooperation with the Developing Countries, offers scholarships for selected Masters Studies at the University of Pavia or at the Institute for Advanced Study of Pavia (IUSS).

    UK: Cardiff University Scholarships
    Cardiff University offers scholarships for international students from  Africa, Arabic Countries, Australia, Bermuda/Cayman Islands, Canada, China (P.R.), Colombia, India/Indian Subcontinent, Japan, Kazakhstan, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, USA, Vietnam.

    UK: London South Bank University Scholarships
    London South Bank University offers full scholarships for students from commonwealth countries including African commonwealth countries. It also offers partial scholarships for students from priority countries (Bangladesh, China, Ghana, India, Kenya, Mauritius, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkey, Uganda, and Vietnam).

    UK: London Met Scholarships
    The ISH/London Met Scholarships is jointly run by International Students House (ISH) and London Metropolitan University. The scholarships are awarded to outstanding students from selected developing countries who wish to pursue an undergraduate or postgraduate degree at the University.

    UK: Roehampton University Scholarships
    The University has a number of scholarships available for international students on full-time, taught undergraduate and postgraduate programmes.  Scholarships are specifically available for students from China, South Korea, India, Thailand, Taiwan, Japan, Turkey, Malaysia, USA, Norway, Singapore, US, and UK-based international students  in their first year of study.

    UK: Sheffield Hallam University Scholarships
    Sheffield Hallam University offers international scholarships for Non-EU students and specific scholarships for ASEAN member countries (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam).

    UK: University of Bedforshire Scholarships
    University of Bedforshire offers scholarships to international Non-EU students from different countries.

    UK: University of Birmingham Scholarships
    University of Birmingham has scholarships available for students from the following regions: Africa, Asia Pacific, Indian Subcontinent, Middle East, Russia, South America.

    UK: University of Cambridge Scholarships
    The University of Cambridge has special scholarships schemes for students from developing countries.  The schemes include Cambridge Shared Scholarships, Shell Centenary Chevening Cambridge Scholarships, Shell Centenary Cambridge Scholarships, and Developing World Education Fund Scholarships.

    UK: University of East Anglia Scholarships
    The University of East Anglia offers a number of full and partial scholarships in international development courses for students from low-income countries.

    UK: University of Edinburgh Scholarships
    The University of Edinburgh offers a number of international scholarships for students from Africa, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malaysia, Mexico, Middle East, Myanmar, Russia, Southern Africa, Tanzania, Thailand, and Vietnam.

    UK: University of Nottingham Scholarships
    Through the Developing Solutions Scholarship Fund, The University of Nottingham is offering one of the largest international scholarship programmes in the world for developing countries of the Commonwealth and to non-Commonwealth Africa.  The Countries outside Africa and India also covered by the Developing Solutions international scholarship scheme are Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Falkland Islands, Fiji, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Kiribati, Malaysia, Maldives,Montserrat, Nauru, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Pitcairn, St Helena, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tristan da Cunha, Turks and Caicos, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Western Samoa

    UK: University of Salford Scholarships
    University of Salford offers various scholarship programs for  students from Sub-saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, South Asia, Middle East & North Africa, Latin America, and East Asia.

    UK: University of Oxford Scholarships
    University of Westminster offers a variety of scholarships for students from Africa and Asia.

    UK: University of Westminster Scholarships
    The University of Westminster offers full international scholarships and full tuition wavers for students from developing countries  in undergraduate and postgraduate studies. Aside from this, they administer various scholarships for students from selected regions (Eastern Europe, South Asia, Central America, Latin America, Carribean Region, Middle East, North Africa) and/or countries  (Gambia, Suriname, Guyana, Tanzania, China, India, East Timor, Philippines, Malaysia, Vietnam, Brazil, Mexico, Bolivia, Chile, Guatemala, Panama, Bulgaria, Croatia, Russia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Romania or Turkey, Former Soviet Union States) .

    UK: University of West England Scholarships
    The University of the West of England, Bristol offers more than £100,000 worth of scholarships for international students  each year.  For developing country students, they have 3 scholarship programs: Global Student Scholarship, Millennium Development Scholarship and Professor Arthur Li Development Scholarships.

    Universities in United States & Canada

    USA: East-West Center Scholarships
    East-west Center offers international graduate degree scholarships for students from Asia, Pacific Islands,  and Russia.

    USA: Harvard University Scholarships
    Harvard University offers specific scholarships for international students from Argentina, Brazil, China, Columbia, Indonesia, Mexico, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam and Pacific Islands.

    USA: NYU Wagner Scholarships
    NYU Wagner has special scholarship programs for Africa, Kazakhstan and Soviet Union’s 15 Newly Independent State (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan)

    Canada: University of Alberta Scholarships
    The University of Alberta International administers specific scholarship programs for students from  ChileChinaIndiaMexico, and Vietnam.

    Universities in Australia & New Zealand

    Australia: Griffith University Scholarships
    Griffith University offers international scholarships for students from China, India, Indonesia, Iran, and Malaysia.

    Australia: Macquarie University Scholarships
    Macquarie University implements scholarships for postgraduate coursework for students from Columbia and Mexico.


    Australia: University of Western Australia Scholarships
    University of Western Australia has special scholarship schemes for China and India for postgraduate research studies.

    New Zealand: University of Auckland Scholarships
    The University of Auckland administer country-specific scholarships for students from Tonga, Chile, and Pakistan.


    New Zealand: Victoria University of Wellington Scholarships
    Victoria University of Wellington offers International Undergraduate Fees Scholarships to students from Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam.

    Please visit http://www.scholars4dev.com for detail information. 
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    Q&A for Scholarship Application


  • Q: Are there scholarships for [specific field of study]? Are there scholarship for [nationality]?
    A: There are scholarships for most fields of study and for most nationalities.  The key is just to find them. In scholars4dev.com, scholarships are categorized by fields of study and by target group (see the sitemap).  Click on a particular field of study or target group to view a list of available scholarships according to your criteria.
    Q: What are the general eligibility requirements to get a scholarship?
    A: The eligibility requirements vary from scholarship to scholarship. It will also depend on the level of study the scholarship supports. Based on the scholarships we have featured, some of the common qualifications include a previous University degree, proficiency in English, high academic grades, unconditional/conditional acceptance to a programme offered at a participating/host University. Aside from the eligibility requirements of the scholarship, you must also consider the eligibility requirements of the programme of study you are applying to.
    Q: How do I apply for a scholarship?
    A: The simple answer to that is to follow the application instructions given by the scholarship provider/University. The application instructions vary among scholarship providers so there is no standard way of applying to a scholarship.  The application instructions are usually outlined very clearly.  Follow the the instructions step by step so you will not get overwhelmed by the amount of information presented.
    Q: When is the best time to apply for a scholarship?
    A: The best time to apply for a scholarship is within the application period set by the scholarship provider/University. Usually, scholarship applications (as well as admissions) should be done 6 months to one year before the academic year you plan to study.
    Q: Are scholarships offered every year? If I missed the application deadline this year, can I apply for it the next year?
    A: Most major scholarships are offered annually but this will always depend if the University or the scholarship provider has enough funds for their scholarship program.
    From Neema Kallinga
    Q: I have searched for scholarships so many times but I’ve failed to see scholarships offered to undergraduates. Most scholarships only cover PhD or MS/MA studies. Are there any undergraduate scholarships out there?
    A: Although it is somewhat true that most of the  existing scholarships are for postgraduate studies, there are international undergraduate scholarships that can be found (with a lot persistent searching).
    From FURAHA
    Q: Will a scholarship allow me to study at any University around the globe or the does it require me to study only at a specific place or university?
    A:  It depends upon the type of scholarship.  There are scholarships that allows you to study at any country (i.e. Aga Khan Foundation ScholarshipsFord Foundation Fellowships, etc.)* while other scholarships only allow you to study at specified host institutions (e.g. World Bank ScholarshipsADB-JSP Scholarships).  Most government-sponsored scholarships allow you study at any University in their country (i.e. Commonwealth Shared Scholarship SchemeAustralian Government International Postgraduate Scholarships, etc.).
    From Aliu and  Ngalim Adrian S. 
    Q:  Do I need to gain admission into my preferred course of study in the university of my choice first before applying for a scholarship? Is it possible to get a scholarship when you don’t have admission in a university yet?
    A: The application process differs from scholarship to scholarship. Most of the time, admissions to the Univeristy is required before you are allowed to apply for the scholarship.  Sometimes, the application to admissions and the application to the scholarship are submitted at the same time. In some instances, your application to admission already serves as your application to the scholarship – you don’t need a separate scholarship application. Still, there are some scholarship providers that allow you to apply for the scholarship even without admissions to a programme/school or while you are still processing your application to the programme.  One must then follow the application instructions set by the scholarship provider.
    From Babalola, Yisau 
    Q: Sometimes, the application form is not found at the website of the scholarship provider. How can I find the application forms easily?
    A:  The application form should always be found at the scholarship website but there are a number of reasons why it can’t be found. One reason could be that the scholarship application period hasn’t started yet so the form is still not available for viewing/downloading.  Another reason is that some scholarship websites don’t readily display the link to the application form.  If this is the case, then you should try to visit all the relevant pages of the scholarship website. Don’t forget to look at the left or right sidebars as the download link might be placed there.  When all else fails, contact the scholarship provider and request for the link to the application form.
    From Nalumansi Moureen 
    Q:  Is it possible for me to get a scholarship in the same country I am in and do i get to choose the course i want to study?
    A:  Most international scholarships require you to study in any country except your own. If you want to study in your own country, you should try to find national or local scholarships.  The liberty to choose a particular course of study will depend on the conditions set by the scholarship provider/University.
    From Mahama Alhassan and Hamidatu Salia Zakari 
    Q:  I have applied for a scholarship and am still waiting for a reply from the University . I want to know whether it’s advisable to call them and find out how my application is doing?  How will I know if I have  won a scholarship?
    A:  As much as possible, you should refrain from contacting the University regarding the results of your scholarship application.  If you are shortlisted or accepted into the scholarship, the scholarship provider/University will surely contact you. Usually, the scholarship provider indicates a specific time period when the selection results will come out. When you haven’t a received a confirmation during this time, then it would be safe to assume that you were not awarded with the scholarship.
    From Alexandra Muhaya
    Q: I haven’t undertaken IELTS nor TOEFL  exams. Does that hinder my chances of getting a scholarship?
    Related Question from Moses Byomuhangi:
    I am from an English speaking country (Kenya) and i have been taught in English since i started school, would TOEFL be a requirement?
    A: Not all Universities require you to take the TOEFL or IELTS. A significant number of Universities  accepts a Certificate of English as Medium of Instruction in place of an English proficiency exam. When it is absolutely required by the University, then you must take TOEFL or other English proficiency exams regardless if you were taught in English during your University studies or not.
    From Billy 
    Q: How do you write the scholarship essay?
    Did the scholarship provider provide any format? If they did, you should follow that. If they have not specified a specific format, then you can follow this simple outline when making your application/motivation letter: (1) Background/Key Qualifications, (2) Intentions for studying, (3) Expectations of the Course, and (4) your plans during and after the study. In making the letter, you should not just tell them why you need the scholarship but more importantly you should  explain clearly why you deserve to get the scholarship.
    From  Carlos Mbuta 
    Q: The issue to age is not mentioned in most scholarships I have come across. Is age not a criteria?
    Related Question from Clement Irhiemi:
    Q: Is there any age limit to obtaining a scholarship abroad?
    A: Some scholarships set an age limit and some do not. If the scholarship provider did not indicate an age limit as part of their eligibility requirements then it is safe to assume that there is no age limit. When there is an age limit, scholarship providers set different age limits for different levels of study (i.e. Masters, Phd, postdoctoral fellowships).
    From Charity Mbuvah 
    Q: Is there a way for the application fee to be waived? l cannot afford to pay for it.
    Related Question:
    Is TOEFL exam supported by the scholarship?
    A: You should be prepared to use your own funds for the application fee because most scholarship providers don’t shoulder this  cost*. Most often than not, the cost of preparing the application requirements including the TOEFL exam is not covered by a scholarship. If you are really serious in pursuing a scholarship, you must try to save up for the cost of TOEFL or the application fee.
    Note: Not all Universities require an application fee, in fact, a significant number of Universities allow you to apply without  having to pay any application fee.  Be aware of scholarship scams and double check if the University really requires an application fee.
    From Melkamu 

    Official website: http://www.scholars4dev.com/2769/scholarship-application-questions-answers/

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